Beauty Inside the DPRK: North Korean Ladies’ Hairstyles

Eric Lafforgue's picture of a North Korean Woman in Traditional Dress

North Korea is always making headlines for political reasons, but we still know very little about daily life in the nation, and very little about its domestic culture. A recent blog post on the website of the South Korean Ministry of Unification has provided netizens with a rare glimpse inside the North Korean beauty industry, by highlighting the hairstyles on offer for North Korean women.

Bringing together a series of photographs from various sources inside North Korea, the post reveals a previously unknown side to popular culture in the country, demonstrating that even in the difficult living conditions faced by many North Koreans, beauty and personal appearance plays a significant role in the lives of many women. While the South Korean concern for beauty is well-known, few have questioned how women in the North feel about their personal appearance. The post is translated in full below, along with all the original photographs that accompanied it.

From Ministry of Unification Blog:

What Are the ‘Hot’ Hairstyles for Women in North Korea?

Hello, I am Na Hana, a young freshman journalist for the Ministry of Unification’s co-existence journalism group.

Today, I’m going to introduce something about hairstyles for women in North Korea.

The inside of a North Korean Beauty Parlour

A while ago some photographs taken by a Chinese photographer of the Ch’anggwang-won beauty salon in P’yongyang, which has a rich history, were made public and have become talking point. Through these photographs, we can catch a glimpse of the various hairstyles that are offered to men and women in the beauty salons of P’yongyang, and they have garnered the interest of many netizens.

Typical hairstyles for North Korean Women
These are more traditional hairstyles worn by North Korean Women
Hairstyles for North Korean Men

Below is a photograph taken in Pyongyang on a Sunday by a foreigner called Eric Lafforgue. It is a pictorial explanation of how women dress up elegantly in hanbok (or what is known in North Korea as ‘Choson dress’) on special occasions, perhaps they are going to lay flowers at the bronze statue of Kim Il-Sung or they might have been invited to some special place. And so, through the Chinese photographer’s photographs we can confirm that they separate the hairstyles worn when women wear hanbok (Choson dress) with those from when they wear Western-style clothes, and that there are many different styles displayed in beauty salons.

Eric Lafforgue's picture of a North Korean Woman in Traditional Dress© Eric Lafforgue

With traditional Korean dress, they generally wear ilja meori [straight style] or jjok meori [an updo], and with western clothes there are many more styles, usually styles such as chobal meori [braided hair], sugukhwa meori [hydrangea style] (where the front and sides of the hair are set into strong waves) saeng meori [loose hair], holeum jobal meori [another type of braided style], and p’ado meori [waved hair] (where the mid-lengths of the hair are loosely permed and blow-dried).

North Korean Hairstyles for Women

Hairstyles Worn with Korean Dress

More North Korean Hairstyles for Women

Hairstyles Worn with Western Dress

Apart from these, as the representative hairstyles for North Korean women there are styles such as hambak-kkot meori [peony style] (a style with a tight perm put into the mid-layers of the hair), okryu meori [okryu style] (perming and setting long hair, then dragging up the sides on top of the head and decorating with hairpins), yang t’eol meori [wool style] (a style where short hair is curled like wool), and daehaksaeng meori [university student style] (a short style with a falling fringe).

The Hairstyle for University Students in North Korea

As ‘convenient services facilities’ North Korean beauty salons include things like beauty, hairdressing, bathing, and laundry, with one salon in each li and dong, with three or four staff working in each normal-sized salon and around ten hairdressers and beauticians working in larger salons. Depending on circumstances, such as difficulty in obtaining products and staff shortages, beauty salons operating properly in small towns are rare, but salons such as Pyongyang’s Ch’anggwangwon, Hashinmokyukt’ang beauty salon, Daedongkyo beauty parlour, Munsu parlour, Puksae parlour and so on, are known as famous places.

An Advert for Ch'anggwang-won beauty salon

In order to obtain the qualifications to become a hairdresser, those who receive recommendations as middle school graduates or from other workplaces are trained through education at a hairdressing or beauty school in each town or district more than once per year, and in September of every year they even hold a competition for the north’s most skilled beauty salon, ‘Nationwide Hairdressers’ and Beauticians’ Competition’ in P’yongyang. The March 2003 edition of the magazine of the General Association of North Koreans Resident in Japan, ‘Homeland Monthly,’ which is published by the Choson News Company, introduced the victor of the event, the winning beautician Kong Hoon-mi. She was trained at the Institute of Complete Beauty Techniques in P’yongyang and Daedong-kang, and has published books such as ‘Beauticians and Hairdressing,’ and ‘Hairdressing for Housewives.” As far as beauticians are concerned, they have a favourable social position inside North Korea, and it is said that these beauticians are virtually all women.

Another special feature of North Korean women’s hairstyles is the differentiation in styles for unmarried women and married women; in particular for those women who are unmarried, wear uit’ae mori, a hairstyle with a ribbon which is braided into a single strand, and Ssangt’ae mori, where the hair is parted and braided into two plaits. Whereas they can wear styles for long hair, should a married women wear this style it seems they would be frowned upon. In fact, even in South Korea, if a middle-aged woman was to wear her hair long and loose, she might even be considered awkward. As the times change, it seems that the boundaries also break down. In South Korea, there is the tendency to think that hair braided into two plaits is thought to be something only for young children. On occasion, university students and celebrities will playfully do this, and sometimes when I put my hair in plaits for fun, I too get frowned at.

A Braided Hairstyle for Unmarried Women

A Braided Hairstyle for Unmarried Women

A Short Style for Married Women

A Short Style for Married Women

It was stated in a domestic press release that beauty education in North Korea is gradually being converted to an educational method that establishes a consistent system for training institutions by means of apprenticeship. Furthermore, the way that beauticians are given a wage is changing from a fixed monthly salary to a policy of extra pay based on talent. In addition to this, the development of a computer simulation program in which you can create various hairstyles on an avatar-like image is already under way, and it seems that several technical methods, such as the usual perming with rods, razor cuts, blow dries and roller-sets are being used. In particular regarding information like the way to use a steam perm machine and the creation of various make-up products that were included in a magazine published in North Korea, it seems that this reflects a concern with beauty in North Korea.

However, based on interviews with North Korean defectors, due to a lack of resources the use of electronic appliances such as dryers is not easy, and rather than using the convenient facilities of the beauty salon, they have the procedures in private homes with ‘beauty parlour’ signs hung [outside them]. While there are difficult circumstances, such as using a reduced amount of the chemicals used for perming, substituting scare plastic perming rods for wooden chopsticks and uding vinegar instead of neutralising agents, most women try to make themselves beautiful, imitating the fashion of well-dressed people at the market and TV announcers. Of course, the party, which attempts to regulate the people, publicly criticises men with excessively long hair and women with gaudy hairstyles.

In 2001 a famous South Korean hair designer visited P’yongyang, and held a national hair conference for professional beauticians. Should there be unification, the hairstyles that women can choose will become more diverse, and I think that we can look forward to the appearance of different hairstyles becoming popular in the Korean peninsula. My heart is filled with hope.

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  • Seoul less

    north korean style …
    they’re koreans after all

    • Beth

      Exactly…style is still pretty central…

  • Tippy Long Stocking

    short style for married woman hehehe like something out of the 1950s leave it to beaver hair do. that being said, the women look very nice. The guys look like a bunch of cornballs. South Koreans tend to be more fashionable.

  • Jack

    NK salon looks way way better than anything in my country…so clean and big

  • Lee

    Frankly… all articles about North Korea disgust me. Koreans’ total disregard and complacency regarding egregious human rights violations in North Korea disgust me. Reported atrocities in North Korean forced labor camps are on par with Nazi WWII camps and would shock all of humanity when the truth about them becomes common knowledge… biological weapons testing on living persons… families tortured together… wanton murder and more disgusting inhuman crimes. But all we can do is failure of Sunshine Policy and these vacuous articles about damned women’s fashion. Despicable. Even stupid 2mb cannot formulate adequate policy to deal with fucking North. When North fires hundreds of artillery shells on us we just take it. DISGUSTED.

    • lamster

      You’re loud for a ssang-nom who is living under U.S. authority.

      • Brett Sanbon

        For someone so intent on defending Korea at every turn, you’re pretty rude.

    • C84

      S.Koreans are the proverbial “ostriches with their heads in the sand,” trying to forget about the totalitarian regime up north, which is why NK is constantly trying to remind them of the danger of ignoring them. I agree with Lee, it is outrageous that SK people, in general, don’t care about the atrocities in NK. However, when you have a stalemate that has been in existence for over 6 decades and no easy solution or end in sight, you can’t blame people for looking the other way. People have their own personal problems, and problems of the magnitude of NK are just too depressing to think about and impossible to tackle except on a governmental level, and even that’s a monumental challenge. Every government in the region except SK and NK seems to be satisfied with the status quo (including the US) and don’t give a sh– about the human rights violations. They only make a stink about the nuclear weapons issues.

  • k

    I think their hairstyles look nice, I wish my hair would grow long enough to braid like that.

  • Paul M

    Wow, check out the bottom left picture on the men’s sample hairstyles. Looks a bit too Rockabilly for the DPRK. Or is this the first signs of Juche succumbing to western imperialist decadence?

    • James

      North Korean fashion has always had quite a bit of outside influence, especially in the 80s/90s. These days, South Korean fashion trends that dominate the Joseon-jok (ethnic Korean Chinese) area of China in Yanbian are creeping down into the DPRK, along with South Korean Konglish and even a few text/email emoticons like ke ke ke ke!

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  • bultak

    in north korea, if you wear the wrong hairstyle (not state sanctioned) you will be punished in front of the community. if you are not punished, those in charge of your community will be.

    • lonetrey

      Wait, seriously? Has this been reported before? I’d like to see a news article about this,… Curiosity about the NorthKorean pettiness.

    • anon

      wrong

  • Mimi

    Most of the hairstyles remind me of the styles of South Korean entertainers pre-21st century

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